The Cuban population
is made up mainly of three groups. Approximately 66 percent of the
population is white and mainly of Spanish descent, 22 percent is
of mixed racial heritage, and 12 percent is black. Almost all of
the people are native born. Some 76 percent of the population is
classified as urban.
With more than 11 million
inhabitants, the Republic of Cuba consists of 14 provinces and the
special municipality of the Isle of Youth. The capital is Havana,
with a resident population of approx. 2 176 000 inhabitants. Other
major cities are Santiago de Cuba with 404 100, Camaguey 294 000,
Holguin 242 100, Guantanamo 208 000, Santa Clara 205 900, Bayamo
137 660, Cienfuegos 132 200, Pinar del Rio 128 800, Las Tunas 126,
900 and Matanzas 123 890. By the year 2001, the population is expected
to grow to 12,1 000 inhabitants. The population in the cities is
around 72,8%. The Capital city holds 20% of the countries population.
Male population is 50,3%. Life expectancy at birth is 72 years for
men and 76 years for women. Infant mortality rate is 5,6 per one
thousand live births..
Resent researches prove
that an undefined number of people show characteristics of native
ancestors. There is no racial discrimination in Cuba. Cuban people
are friendly, talkative and great hosts; they are also joyful and